Title: Enhancing the Relevance of MQ-9 Reaper Drones: The U.S. Marine Corps’ Integration of Electronic Warfare Capabilities


In an era where the battlefield is increasingly dominated by advanced technology and sophisticated defense systems, the U.S. Marine Corps (USMC) is taking proactive steps to ensure its fleet of MQ-9 Reaper drones remains a formidable asset. This initiative is particularly crucial in potential confrontations with technologically advanced adversaries like China. To achieve this, the USMC has integrated an advanced electronic warfare (EW) pod designed to enhance the survivability and efficacy of the Reaper drones. This article delves into the specifics of this enhancement, its strategic implications, and the broader context of the USMC’s evolving tactics and technologies.

The Strategic Context and Necessity for Upgrades

The MQ-9 Reaper, also known as the Predator B, has been a cornerstone of U.S. military operations for nearly two decades. Initially deployed in the mid-2000s, these Medium Altitude Long Endurance (MALE) drones have been instrumental in various conflicts, operating predominantly in permissive airspaces over regions such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and Somalia. However, the strategic environment is rapidly changing, and the USMC recognizes the need to adapt the Reapers to confront more sophisticated adversaries.

China, with its advanced radar and air defense systems, presents a significant challenge. The People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has developed a comprehensive anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) strategy designed to limit U.S. forces’ freedom of movement in the Western Pacific. This strategy includes an extensive network of radars, surface-to-air missiles, and electronic warfare systems that could severely limit the effectiveness of traditional unmanned aerial systems (UAS) like the MQ-9.

Introduction of the RDESS/SOAR Pod

In response to these challenges, the USMC has integrated the Reaper Defense Electronic Support System/Scalable Open Architecture Reconnaissance (RDESS/SOAR) pod onto its MQ-9 Reaper drones. This sophisticated EW pod is designed to enhance the drone’s ability to evade detection and perform critical missions in contested environments.

Capabilities of the RDESS/SOAR Pod

The RDESS/SOAR pod is a versatile and advanced electronic support measure (ESM) payload. According to General Atomics, the manufacturer of the pod, it is designed to collect and geo-locate signals of interest from standoff ranges. This capability allows the MQ-9 to gather critical intelligence about the battlespace while remaining at a safe distance from enemy defenses.

One of the key features of the RDESS/SOAR pod is its ability to sense enemy radar emissions and send false signals back to the receiver. This technique, a fundamental aspect of electronic warfare, helps to create confusion and degrade the enemy’s situational awareness. General Eric M. Smith, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, described the pod’s capability as creating a “black hole” that makes the Reaper “mostly undetectable.”

The RDESS/SOAR pod also provides real-time targeting information that can be disseminated instantly for exploitation or stored for further analysis. This real-time capability is crucial for supporting dynamic operations and ensuring that commanders have the most up-to-date information to make informed decisions.

Development and Deployment

The RDESS/SOAR pod was initially tested by the U.S. Air Force in 2021. However, its integration into the Marine Corps’ MQ-9 Reaper fleet marks a significant step forward. The exact timeline of the Marine Corps’ adoption of the pod remains classified, but it represents a critical enhancement to the Reaper’s capabilities.

The 634-pound SOAR pod, which can be mounted under the Reaper’s wing, was developed jointly by General Atomics and L3Harris. This collaboration has resulted in a highly capable system that significantly enhances the Reaper’s operational effectiveness.

Image : Scalable Open Architecture Reconnaissance (SOAR)

The Marine Corps’ Evolving Use of the MQ-9 Reaper

The USMC’s adoption of the MQ-9 Reaper is relatively recent compared to other branches of the U.S. military. The Marine Corps began operating two MQ-9s leased from General Atomics in 2018. In late 2020, the service received authorization to purchase the first two MQ-9A Block 5 extended-range Reapers, a significant upgrade from the smaller legacy RQ-7 Shadow and RQ-21 Blackjack drones.

By 2025, the Marine Corps plans to field a total of 18 MQ-9 Reapers. This fleet expansion is part of a broader effort to enhance the Corps’ intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) capabilities. The Reapers’ adaptability is a key asset, allowing them to be rapidly reconfigured from hunter-killer drones to advanced sensing platforms equipped with various add-on pods.

Supporting the Marine Littoral Regiments

One of the primary roles of the MQ-9 Reaper in the Marine Corps’ strategy is to support the newly established Marine Littoral Regiments (MLRs). These units are designed to operate within China’s Weapons Engagement Zone (WEZ), a highly contested area where traditional forces would face significant challenges.

The Reapers equipped with the RDESS/SOAR pod provide the MLRs with critical ISR and electronic support capabilities. General Smith emphasized that these drones offer a “sensing and making sense capability” that is essential for the MLRs to fulfill their mission of shutting down sea lines of communication in the event of a conflict with China.

Under the 2022 Marine Corps Aviation Plan, the MQ-9As are tasked with a suite of missions, including ISR-T (Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance, and Targeting), Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA), Airborne Network Extension (ANE), Airborne Early Warning (AEW), and Electronic Support (ES). This multifaceted role underscores the importance of the Reapers in the USMC’s evolving operational concept.

The Broader Strategic Shift: Force Design 2030

The integration of the RDESS/SOAR pod and the expanded use of the MQ-9 Reaper are part of a broader strategic shift within the Marine Corps. This shift, initially conceptualized as Force Design 2030 under former Commandant Gen. David Berger, aims to return the Corps to its traditional maritime roots after two decades of counterinsurgency operations in the Middle East.

Gen. Eric M. Smith, who succeeded Gen. Berger, has continued to advance this concept, shortening the title to Force Design to emphasize its ongoing nature rather than a fixed target date. The goal is to adapt the Marine Corps to the evolving threats and operational environments of the 21st century.

Emphasis on Distributed Operations

A key component of Force Design is the emphasis on distributed operations. This concept involves dispersing forces across a wide area to complicate the enemy’s targeting efforts and enhance the survivability of U.S. forces. The MQ-9 Reaper, with its extended range and advanced sensing capabilities, is ideally suited for this approach.

The Reapers can operate from far-flung locations, providing critical ISR and electronic support to dispersed Marine units. This capability is particularly valuable in the vast expanse of the Pacific, where distances are significant, and the threat environment is complex.

Challenges and Future Developments

While the integration of the RDESS/SOAR pod represents a significant enhancement to the MQ-9 Reaper’s capabilities, several challenges remain. The evolving threat environment, particularly from adversaries like China, necessitates continuous innovation and adaptation.

Countering Advanced Air Defense Systems

One of the primary challenges is countering the advanced air defense systems deployed by potential adversaries. The PLA’s integrated air defense network includes sophisticated radar systems and surface-to-air missiles capable of detecting and engaging targets at long ranges. The RDESS/SOAR pod provides a means to degrade these defenses, but the threat remains significant.

Enhancing Survivability

The survivability of the MQ-9 Reaper in contested environments is a critical concern. Unmanned aircraft that lack low observable (stealth) features and higher performance, like the Reaper, are inherently vulnerable to advanced air defense systems. To address this, the USMC is exploring additional measures to enhance the Reaper’s survivability.

One potential solution is the integration of self-defense pods that can counter direct threats. These pods, combined with the RDESS/SOAR system, could provide a layered defense that enhances the Reaper’s ability to operate in contested airspace. The development and deployment of more advanced and survivable drones, such as the XQ-58 Valkyrie, are also being considered as part of the Corps’ future plans.

Expanding Electronic Warfare Capabilities

The fielding of the RDESS/SOAR pod is part of a broader effort to diversify and expand the Marine Corps’ organic electronic warfare capabilities. The retirement of the EA-6B Prowler nearly a decade ago left a significant gap in the Corps’ EW capacity. Several systems have been developed to fill this void, including the Intrepid Tiger II and the advanced electronic intelligence and electronic warfare suite of the F-35.

The Role of Advanced Drones

Advanced drones like the MQ-9 Reaper, equipped with systems like the RDESS/SOAR pod, play a crucial role in this expanded EW capability. These drones provide the Marine Corps with the ability to conduct electronic attacks, gather critical intelligence, and support distributed operations across a wide area.

The USMC is also exploring the potential of newer, more advanced drones to provide even more cutting-edge EW support. The XQ-58 Valkyrie, for example, is being eyed as a potential platform to supply deeply penetrating electronic warfare capabilities.

The Importance of Real-Time Data and Decision-Making

One of the key advantages of the RDESS/SOAR pod is its ability to provide real-time data and decision-making support. In modern conflicts, the ability to rapidly gather, analyze, and disseminate information is critical to success.

The RDESS/SOAR pod enhances the MQ-9 Reaper’s ability to perform this function, providing commanders with the information they need to make timely and informed decisions.

Enhancing Situational Awareness

The RDESS/SOAR pod enhances situational awareness by collecting and geo-locating signals of interest. This capability allows the Marine Corps to gain a better understanding of the battlespace, identify potential threats, and develop effective countermeasures. The ability to operate at standoff ranges further enhances this capability, allowing the Reapers to gather intelligence while minimizing their exposure to enemy defenses.

Supporting Joint Operations

The ability to share data ubiquitously across the battle space is another critical advantage of the RDESS/SOAR pod. This capability supports joint operations by providing other branches of the U.S. military and allied forces with valuable intelligence and targeting information. The integration of the RDESS/SOAR pod into the MQ-9 Reaper enhances the Marine Corps’ ability to contribute to joint operations and support the broader strategic objectives of the United States.

The Role of the Private Sector

The development and integration of the RDESS/SOAR pod highlight the important role of the private sector in advancing military technology. General Atomics and L3Harris, the companies behind the pod’s development, have played a crucial role in providing the Marine Corps with this advanced capability.

Public-Private Partnerships

Public-private partnerships are essential for the rapid development and deployment of cutting-edge military technologies. The collaboration between the Marine Corps and companies like General Atomics and L3Harris ensures that the Corps has access to the latest advancements in electronic warfare and ISR capabilities. This partnership model allows the Marine Corps to leverage the expertise and resources of the private sector to meet its evolving needs.

Innovation and Adaptation

The development of the RDESS/SOAR pod also underscores the importance of innovation and adaptation in maintaining military superiority. The ability to rapidly develop and integrate new technologies is critical to staying ahead of potential adversaries. The Marine Corps’ willingness to embrace new technologies and adapt its tactics and strategies to meet emerging threats is a testament to its commitment to maintaining its operational effectiveness.

In Conclusion…….

The integration of the RDESS/SOAR pod onto the MQ-9 Reaper drones represents a significant enhancement to the Marine Corps’ capabilities. This advanced electronic warfare system enhances the Reaper’s survivability, provides critical intelligence and targeting information, and supports the Corps’ broader strategic objectives. As the Marine Corps continues to evolve and adapt to the changing threat environment, the RDESS/SOAR pod will play a crucial role in ensuring that the MQ-9 Reaper remains a relevant and effective asset in future conflicts.

The broader strategic shift embodied by Force Design reflects the Marine Corps’ commitment to returning to its maritime roots and enhancing its ability to operate in contested environments. The emphasis on distributed operations, advanced ISR capabilities, and electronic warfare underscores the Corps’ focus on maintaining its operational effectiveness in the face of sophisticated adversaries.

As the Marine Corps continues to expand its fleet of MQ-9 Reapers and integrate advanced technologies like the RDESS/SOAR pod, it will be better positioned to meet the challenges of the 21st century. The collaboration with the private sector and the focus on innovation and adaptation will ensure that the Corps remains at the forefront of military technology and maintains its ability to protect the interests of the United States in an increasingly complex and contested world.

APPENDIX 1 – The Naval Air Systems Command’s Sole-Source Award to General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc.: An Analytical Overview

The Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR) has recently awarded a cost-plus-fixed-fee order valued at $30,885,042 to General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. (GA-ASI). This order is for the development and integration of Detect and Avoid System (DAAS) kits onto the MQ-9A MUX Medium Altitude Long Endurance Unmanned Aircraft Systems (MALE UAS). The contract encompasses engineering, testing, training, hardware, and logistics support necessary to incorporate the DAAS capability into Reaper aircraft. This move underscores the Navy’s commitment to maintaining a strategic edge through advanced unmanned aerial capabilities.

Context and Rationale

Background of the Sole-Source Award

The sole-source award to GA-ASI was sanctioned under Class Justification and Approval (CJ&A) number 21-0382, citing GA-ASI as the only responsible source capable of delivering the requisite supplies and services. This decision aligns with the statutory authority permitting other than full and open competition under 10 U.S.C. 3204(a)(1), which allows for sole-source contracting when only one supplier can meet the agency’s requirements. GA-ASI’s unique position as the sole designer, developer, manufacturer, and integrator of the MQ-9A MUX MALE UAS and its related systems plays a pivotal role in this determination.

Technical and Proprietary Expertise

GA-ASI possesses exclusive ownership of the technical data and software rights essential for modifying the MQ-9A MUX MALE UAS and its Ground Control Station (GCS) to accommodate the DAAS and Electronic Warfare (EW) Pod hardware and software. This proprietary knowledge ensures seamless integration and functionality of these systems within the broader UAS architecture. GA-ASI’s familiarity with the intricate design requirements, coupled with their technical capabilities, establishes them as the only viable entity to execute this complex integration.

Analytical Breakdown of the DAAS Integration

Engineering and Testing

The integration of DAAS into the MQ-9A involves rigorous engineering processes to ensure the system’s compatibility and operational efficacy. This includes designing hardware modifications, developing software interfaces, and conducting extensive ground and flight testing. The engineering efforts aim to validate the DAAS’s ability to detect and avoid obstacles autonomously, thereby enhancing the Reaper’s operational safety and mission effectiveness.

Training and Logistics Support

To support the DAAS integration, comprehensive training programs will be developed for operators and maintenance personnel. These programs will cover system operation, troubleshooting, and maintenance procedures to ensure the efficient and effective use of the DAAS-equipped MQ-9A. Additionally, logistics support will include the provisioning of spare parts, technical manuals, and ongoing technical assistance to sustain operational readiness.

Justification for Sole-Source Procurement

Exclusive Capabilities of GA-ASI

GA-ASI’s exclusive rights to the DAAS and EW Pod technical data and software are critical to the Navy’s procurement strategy. On January 9, 2023, GA-ASI confirmed their unwillingness to sell these rights, precluding the possibility of competitive sourcing. Consequently, any alternative supplier would require a comprehensive data package to integrate the DAAS and EW Pod into the MQ-9A effectively. Without this data, ensuring system compatibility and functionality would be unattainable.

Previous Solicitation Efforts

In adherence to the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 5.201, a Sources Sought notice was posted on the System for Award Management (SAM) website on October 7, 2022, to gauge interest from potential suppliers. This was followed by a pre-solicitation notice on February 28, 2023. Despite these efforts, no responses were received, reinforcing the sole-source justification. Additionally, future orders will be synopsized on the SAM website, allowing for the evaluation of any offers and directing interested parties to GA-ASI for potential subcontracting opportunities.

Financial and Competitive Considerations

Cost Analysis

The Contracting Officer has determined that the anticipated cost to the government for the supplies and services covered by this CJ&A is fair and reasonable. This assessment is based on a thorough analysis of the costs associated with developing and integrating the DAAS into the MQ-9A, considering GA-ASI’s proprietary expertise and the absence of alternative sources.

Future Competition Barriers

Currently, NAVAIR has no plans to compete future contracts for the types of supplies and services detailed in this document. The unique capabilities and proprietary rights held by GA-ASI present significant barriers to competition. However, should another potential source emerge, NAVAIR will evaluate the feasibility of introducing competition for future requirements.

Strategic Implications and Future Prospects

Enhancing Unmanned Aerial Capabilities

The integration of DAAS into the MQ-9A Reaper represents a significant advancement in the Navy’s unmanned aerial capabilities. The DAAS enhances the Reaper’s ability to operate in complex environments by autonomously detecting and avoiding obstacles, thereby reducing the risk of collisions and improving mission success rates. This capability is particularly critical for operations in contested and congested airspace, where situational awareness and rapid decision-making are paramount.

Broader Impact on UAS Operations

The successful integration of DAAS into the MQ-9A could pave the way for similar advancements across other UAS platforms. As unmanned systems play an increasingly vital role in military operations, enhancing their autonomous capabilities will be crucial for maintaining operational superiority. The lessons learned from the DAAS integration will inform future efforts to incorporate advanced sensing and avoidance technologies into the broader UAS fleet.

The Naval Air Systems Command’s award to General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. for the integration of Detect and Avoid System kits into the MQ-9A MUX MALE UAS is a strategic decision rooted in GA-ASI’s unique capabilities and proprietary expertise. This contract not only enhances the operational capabilities of the MQ-9A Reaper but also underscores the importance of advanced autonomous technologies in modern military operations. As the Navy continues to innovate and expand its unmanned aerial capabilities, partnerships with industry leaders like GA-ASI will be essential for achieving mission success and maintaining a technological edge.

Updates and Additional Insights

Recent Developments in DAAS Technology

Since the initial award, there have been several advancements in DAAS technology that could further enhance the capabilities of the MQ-9A. These include improvements in sensor accuracy, processing speed, and machine learning algorithms that enable more precise obstacle detection and avoidance. The incorporation of these advancements into the DAAS system will likely result in even greater operational efficiency and safety for the Reaper.

Expanding Applications of UAS

Beyond military applications, the technology developed for the MQ-9A could have significant implications for civilian and commercial UAS operations. Enhanced detect and avoid capabilities are critical for integrating unmanned systems into national airspace, where they must coexist with manned aircraft. The advancements made through this contract could thus contribute to broader efforts to enable safe and efficient UAS operations in various sectors, including agriculture, logistics, and surveillance.

International Collaborations and Export Opportunities

The success of the DAAS integration may also open up opportunities for international collaborations and exports. Allied nations that operate or are interested in acquiring the MQ-9A Reaper could benefit from the enhanced capabilities provided by the DAAS. This could lead to additional contracts and partnerships, further extending the impact of this technology on global UAS operations.

Comprehensive Overview of Key Dates and Events

  • October 7, 2022: Sources Sought notice posted on the SAM website.
  • February 28, 2023: Pre-solicitation notice posted on the SAM website.
  • January 9, 2023: GA-ASI’s confirmation of unwillingness to sell DAAS and EW Pod technical data and software rights.
  • Award Date: The Naval Air Systems Command awarded the $30,885,042 contract to GA-ASI.

These key dates highlight the critical milestones in the procurement process and the strategic decisions that have shaped the current contract.

Final Remarks

The Naval Air Systems Command’s contract with General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. represents a significant investment in the future of unmanned aerial systems. By leveraging GA-ASI’s unique expertise and proprietary technologies, the Navy is poised to enhance the capabilities and operational effectiveness of the MQ-9A Reaper. This contract underscores the importance of advanced autonomous systems in modern military operations and sets the stage for future innovations in unmanned aerial technology. As the integration of DAAS progresses, it will be crucial to monitor the outcomes and lessons learned, ensuring that the Navy remains at the forefront of unmanned systems development and deployment.

APPENDIX 2 – Scalable Open Architecture Reconnaissance (SOAR™): A Comprehensive Overview

Scalable Open Architecture Reconnaissance (SOAR™) is an innovative Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) solution developed collaboratively by L3Harris Technologies and General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. (GA-ASI). This system integrates L3Harris’ advanced full-band signals intelligence (SIGINT) capability with the medium-altitude, long-endurance Predator B platform, significantly enhancing ISR capabilities for modern warfare. This document delves into the various aspects of SOAR, highlighting its technological advancements, mission applications, and future prospects.

Background and Development

Partnership and Investment

L3Harris Technologies and GA-ASI have invested heavily in the development of SOAR, utilizing the certified Standard Payload Interface Design and Integration (SPIDI) pod to create a deployable prototype. This joint effort aims to address the pressing needs for advanced SIGINT capabilities in Predator B operations, offering unparalleled flexibility and adaptability in ISR missions.

Technological Foundations

SOAR draws on the extensive heritage of L3Harris’ strategic fixed-wing ISR and SIGINT systems. By leveraging this expertise, SOAR provides a robust solution capable of standoff SIGINT collection from the Predator B platform. The system’s development included rigorous flight testing for airworthiness, calibration, and verification, culminating in successful operational evaluations (OPEVAL) between Q3 2020 and Q1 2021.

Technical Specifications and Components

Pod Fairing Assembly

  • Aero Fairing: Features thermal and maintenance capabilities to enhance operational efficiency.
  • Antenna Radomes: Ensure reliable signal reception and transmission.
  • Modular Direct-Mount Pylon: Facilitates quick installation and removal of the pod.

Integrated Structure Assembly

  • Mechanical Integrating Structure: Provides a stable platform for all components.
  • Communications Intelligence (COMINT) Antenna Panel/Ground Plane: Essential for high-fidelity signal collection.
  • Electromagnetic Interference Isolation: Protects sensitive electronics from external electromagnetic interference.

SIGINT Subsystem Assemblies

  • Primary COMINT and ELINT Sensors: Capture a wide range of electronic signals.
  • Modular Software and Hardware: Allow for easy updates and customization.
  • Accessible Sub-Assemblies: Simplify maintenance and upgrades.

Mission Capabilities and Applications

Strategic ISR Enhancement

SOAR represents a significant leap in ISR capabilities, particularly for the Predator B platform. It enables long-range surveillance and standoff SIGINT collection, making it invaluable for operations in contested environments where manned aircraft would be at risk. The system’s modularity allows it to be tailored to specific mission requirements, whether for strategic or tactical ISR applications.

Collaborative Operations

SOAR supports real-time remote operations and secure mission data storage, making it a critical component of distributed enterprise processing, exploitation, and dissemination (PED) architectures. Its open architecture design ensures compatibility with commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) and government-off-the-shelf (GOTS) standards, facilitating seamless integration into existing ISR frameworks.

Deployment and Operational Evaluation

Flight Testing and Verification

SOAR underwent extensive flight testing in 2019 to ensure its airworthiness and operational readiness. These tests included calibration and verification processes to confirm the system’s performance under various conditions.

Operational Evaluation

The OPEVAL conducted from Q3 2020 to Q1 2021 validated SOAR’s capabilities in real-world scenarios. This evaluation demonstrated the system’s ability to conduct long-range surveillance, support AI/ML and ABMS onramp collection, and perform remote split operations. These features allow CONUS-based aircrews to control the aircraft and payloads operating overseas, significantly enhancing operational flexibility and reducing the risk to personnel.

Future Prospects and Advancements

Integration and Upgrades

The open mission architecture of SOAR enables rapid modifications and upgrades, ensuring the system remains effective against evolving threats. This reconfigurable software architecture allows for commonality across the SIGINT domain, reducing logistics and sustainment costs while maintaining cutting-edge capabilities.

Expansion into New Domains

SOAR is poised to expand its mission capabilities beyond traditional ISR roles. Future developments may include enhanced integration with other unmanned systems, improved sensor suites, and greater autonomy through advanced AI/ML algorithms. These advancements will further solidify SOAR’s position as a critical asset for the U.S. and its allies in maintaining information dominance across all operational domains.

Detailed Data Table

Pod Fairing AssemblyAero fairing with thermal and maintenance features, Antenna radomes, Modular direct-mount pylon
Integrated Structure AssemblyMechanical integrating structure, COMINT antenna panel/ground plane, Electromagnetic interference isolation
SIGINT Subsystem AssembliesPrimary COMINT and ELINT sensors, Modular software & hardware, Accessible sub-assemblies for maintenance
Flight TestingCompleted in 2019 for airworthiness, calibration, and verification
Operational Evaluation (OPEVAL)Conducted from Q3 2020 to Q1 2021, validated long-range surveillance, AI/ML support, ABMS onramp collection, and remote split operations
Collaborative OperationsReal-time remote operations, Secure mission data storage, Integration into distributed PED architecture
Open ArchitectureCompatible with COTS/GOTS standards, Reconfigurable software architecture, Platform agnostic, “Aperture-to-enterprise” solutions
Future AdvancementsEnhanced integration with unmanned systems, Improved sensor suites, Greater autonomy through AI/ML, Expanded mission capabilities in new operational domains

Scalable Open Architecture Reconnaissance (SOAR™) is a transformative ISR solution that combines the best of L3Harris Technologies and General Atomics Aeronautical Systems, Inc. This system not only enhances the capabilities of the Predator B platform but also sets a new standard for ISR operations in contested and dynamic environments. With its robust design, modularity, and future-proof architecture, SOAR is poised to remain at the forefront of ISR technology for years to come.

This detailed exploration of SOAR highlights its significance in modern warfare and underscores the continuous need for advanced ISR solutions. As threats evolve, systems like SOAR will play a crucial role in maintaining strategic and tactical advantages for the U.S. and its allies.

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