Arrow-3 missiles successfully took out target missiles in high-altitude, hit-to-kill test engagements conducted at the Pacific Spaceport Complex-Alaska in Kodiak.
The tests were a joint effort between the Israel Missile Defense Organization of the Directorate of Defense Research and Development and the U.S. Missile Defense Agency.
Israel Aerospace Industries and Boeing co-developed Arrow.
The Arrow system became operational in 2017 and has been deployed to counter Syrian missiles.
The Arrow weapon system, which intercepts missiles outside of the atmosphere, is part of Israel’s layered defense system that includes Iron Dome, David’s Sling and Arrow-2 systems.
The multi-layered system is meant to defend against short- and mid-range rockets coming from from Gaza and Lebanon.
“The Arrow-3 interceptor successfully demonstrated an engagement capability against the exo-atmospheric target during the test,” according to a July 28 MDA statement. “Preliminary analysis indicates that test objectives were successfully achieved.”
MDA Director Vice Adm. Jon Hill said, “These successful tests mark a major milestone in the development of the Arrow Weapon System.
This unique success in Alaska provides confidence in future Israeli capabilities to defeat the developing threats in the region.
A Raytheon-made AN-TPY2 radar participated in the test. It is not part of the Israeli missile defense architecture.
The tests mark a culmination of ten “challenging” years of development, the IMDO director, Moshe Patel, said in the statement.
The Arrow-3 Interceptor successfully demonstrated an engagement capability against the exo-atmospheric target during the test.
Although not part of the Israeli architecture, a U.S. AN-TPY2 radar participated in the test. Preliminary analysis indicates that test objectives were successfully achieved.
The integration of the US radar with the Israeli missile defense system is important, as Israel relies on US missile defenses as a backup for its own missile defense capabilities.
Under such cooperation US missile destroyers often visit the Israeli ports of Haifa and Ashdod and the US Army deploys missile defense units to Israel, to participate in the biennial Juniper Cobra exercise.
Operates a radar station with this type of radar from the Israel Negev desert and has deployed a THAAD missile defense system to Israel as part of its theater rapid deployment tests.
The Arrow Weapon System (AWS) represents the upper layer of Israel’s multi-layer defense system. When fully integrated with the AWS, Arrow-3 extends the system’s capability to engage missile targets in space, typically, before such targets separate and deploy decoys and countermeasures.
At long range and high altitude, Israel’s multi-layer defense system is currently employs four operational layers: Iron Dome Defense System defending against rockets of different sizes, David’s Sling Weapon System defending against rockets, short-range missiles, cruise missiles and aircraft, and the Arrow Weapon System engaging medium to long-range missiles with Arrow-2, and the new Arrow-3.