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Monthly Archives: Dicembre 2023

A New Understanding of Aortic Aneurysm Progression: Insights from Physics and Experimental Validation

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Aneurysms, characterized by a persistent dilation of the vascular wall resulting from artery wall lesions or damage, pose a significant yet often silent threat to individuals worldwide. While this condition is frequently asymptomatic, its...

The Crucial Link Between Intestinal Microbiome and Liver Health in Liver Transplantation

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The role of the human microbiome, especially the intestinal microbiome, in shaping our overall health has been a subject of growing interest among researchers. Among the various organs in the human body, none is...

In-Depth Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 Variants: Implications for Cellular Senescence and Viral Pathogenicity

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This comprehensive analysis examines the mutations of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), focusing on the emergence of variants of concern (VOCs) such as alpha (B.1.1.7), delta (B.1.617.2), and omicron (B.1.1.529). It...

Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) in the Era of COVID-19: An In-depth Analysis

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Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is a major cause of acute respiratory tract infections, particularly in young children.  RSV infection is estimated to cause about 14,000 annual deaths in U.S. adults over age 65. Globally,...

Alarming Surge in Sexually Transmitted Infections Demands Global Attention

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In 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) issued a startling report, revealing a concerning surge in sexually transmitted infections (STIs) worldwide, with more than one million new cases of curable STIs reported daily (1)....

Enhancing Mucosal Immunity: Intratracheal Boosting for Robust Protection Against SARS-CoV-2

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The ongoing battle against COVID-19 has entered a new phase with the advent of innovative vaccine strategies, particularly in response to the Omicron subvariants. A recent study has shed light on the limitations of...

Comparative Analysis of COVID-19 and Seasonal Influenza: A Detailed Study on Long-term Health Outcomes...

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COVID-19 and seasonal influenza, two respiratory illnesses, present significant health risks, particularly after hospitalization. While previous research has extensively analyzed short-term outcomes within 6 months post-infection, this study delves into the long-term impacts, comparing...

The Complex Role of T-Cells in Atherosclerosis: Cholesterol Accumulation, Differentiation and Aging

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Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disease of the arteries, is a leading cause of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) worldwide. While the role of immune cells in atherosclerosis has been extensively studied, recent research has shed light...

Covid-19 – Sialic Acid: A Vital Component in Cell Biology and Host-Pathogen Interactions

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Sialic acid (SiA), a term encompassing a family of nine-carbon acids, is crucial in cellular biology, particularly for eukaryotic cells. These acids are components of glyco-conjugated molecules, notably glycans, on most eukaryotic cell membranes...

The Impact of Daily Smoking on Brain Volume: Evidence, Causation and Regional Differences

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Cigarette smoking, a global health concern, is linked to a myriad of adverse health outcomes. These range from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases to cancer, collectively deteriorating overall health (1-4). The impact of smoking extends...

Splenic Infarction in COVID-19 Patients: A Rare and Uncommon Complication

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The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has led to a global pandemic, resulting in a significant number of fatalities and hospital admissions worldwide. While the...

Exploring Epigenetic Modulators as a Promising Therapeutic Avenue for Unresolved Pathogenic and Clinical Aspects...

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The emergence of SARS-CoV-2, the virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, marked a significant moment in global health history. Initially identified in Wuhan, China, towards the end of 2019, this novel coronavirus rapidly evolved...

Effetti persistenti dell’esposizione paterna all’alcol: svelare l’impatto epigenetico a lungo termine sullo sviluppo dello...

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Le esposizioni preconcettuali sono sempre più riconosciute come fondamentali per comprendere le origini dello sviluppo di varie condizioni di salute, inclusi difetti congeniti, malattie e disfunzioni neurologiche. Questa area emergente di ricerca sottolinea l’importanza della...

Persisting Paternal Alcohol Exposure Effects: Unraveling the Long-term Epigenetic Impact on Sperm and Offspring...

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Preconception exposures are increasingly recognized as critical in understanding the developmental origins of various health conditions, including birth defects, diseases, and neurological dysfunctions. This emerging area of research underscores the importance of both maternal...

Decoding Epistemic Actions: Understanding How We Learn Through Movement

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In the complex tapestry of human interactions, understanding actions goes beyond mere recognition of objects, faces, or scenes. We possess a remarkable ability to discern the actions of others, whether it involves something as...